Counterterrorism and the United Nations Security Council Since 9/11: Moving Beyond the 2001 Paradigm

By Eric Rosand, Alistair Millar, and Naureen Chowdhury Fink

Report — September 2022

Made possible with support from the European Union, the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, The Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the German Federal Foreign Office, the Securing the Future Initiative (a project of The Soufan Center and the Fourth Freedom Forum) launched in September 2021 on the occasion of the twentieth anniversary of the 9/11 attacks.

This report provides an independent review and assessment of the United Nations Security Council’s counterterrorism activities over the past two decades. The report’s findings and recommendations are informed by desk research, surveys, and numerous off-the-record interviews with experts and practitioners, and the authors’ combined experience of working on multilateral counterterrorism issues for more than 50 years.

Wilton Park Conference Report on Sanctions, Incentives, and Human Security: Economic Statecraft and Humanitarian Crises

By Joanna Weschler

Report — July 2022

Proceedings from a sanctions conference on Sanctions, Incentives, and Human Security: Economic Statecraft and Humanitarian Crises; hosted at Wilton Park from 16-18 May 2022 in partnership with the Fourth Freedom Forum and the Sanctions and Security Research Project.

Syria: From Punitive Sanctions to an Incentive-Based Approach

By The Carter Center

Report — April 2022

To fully scrutinize the humanitarian impact of sanctions, the Sanctions and Security Research Project commissioned case studies on Iran and Venezuela, and collaborated with the Carter Center’s project on Syria, which recommend stronger safeguards to prevent negative humanitarian impacts and offer ways of improving the effectiveness of sanctions and strengthening of incentives.

This paper is a compilation of the Carter Center’s work on Syria prepared by Hend Annie Charif, program associate in the Carter Center’s Conflict Resolution Program, with contributions by Stacia George, director of the conflict resolution program, Rana Shabb, associate director in the conflict resolution program, Nancy Azar, senior program associate to the conflict resolution program, and Hrair Balian, former director and senior advisor to the conflict resolution program.

The Inflation Weapon: How American Sanctions Harm Iranian Households

By Esfandyar Batmanghelidj

Report — January 2022

To fully scrutinize the humanitarian impact of sanctions, the Sanctions and Security Research Project commissioned case studies on Iran and Venezuela, and collaborated with the Carter Center’s project on Syria, which recommend stronger safeguards to prevent negative humanitarian impacts and offer ways of improving the effectiveness of sanctions and strengthening of incentives.

This case study on Iran was prepared by Esfandyar Batmanghelidj, CEO of the Bourse & Bazaar Foundation, Visiting Fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations, and principal member of When Money Can’t Buy Food and Medicine, a project funded by the Swiss Network for International Studies.

Sanctions, Economic Statecraft, and Venezuela’s Crisis

By Francisco Rodríguez

Report — January 2022

To fully scrutinize the humanitarian impact of sanctions, the Sanctions and Security Research Project commissioned case studies on Iran and Venezuela, and collaborated with the Carter Center’s project on Syria, which recommend stronger safeguards to prevent negative humanitarian impacts and offer ways of improving the effectiveness of sanctions and strengthening of incentives.

This case study on Venezuela was prepared by Francisco Rodríguez, 2021–22 International Affairs Fellow in International Economics, Council on Foreign Relations and Director, Oil for Venezuela.

Getting the Balance Right: Refining the Strategic Application of Nonproliferation Sanctions

By Alistair Millar, George A. Lopez, David Cortright, and Linda Gerber

Report — April 2021

This paper argues for a greater commitment to sanctions that fit the reality of each discrete case of proliferation, nimble diplomacy that includes incentives-based bargaining, and strategies for reciprocal threat reduction to reduce nuclear dangers and enhance international cooperation for peace and security.

From Crisis to Opportunity: A Policy Playbook on Nonproliferation Sanctions

By Alistair Millar, George A. Lopez, David Cortright, and Linda Gerber

Report — December 2020

This policy report traces the negative consequences of Washington’s misuse of sanctions under the Trump administration, argues for a recalibration of US nonproliferation policy, and articulates specific recommendations for the incoming Biden administration.

Blue Sky IV: Clouds Dispersing?

By Alistair Millar

Report — May 2018

This independent report and its recommendations focus on ways to improve the development, coordination, delivery, and impact of UN efforts in countering terrorism and preventing violent extremism (PVE). In light of the changes to the threat environment and alterations made to the UN architecture, this report also looks at what can be done to ensure that the sixth review of the United Nations Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy can be used to assess more systematically the effectiveness of UN efforts to support Strategy implementation at headquarters, on the ground, and, importantly, between the two.

Updated Guidance on ODA-Eligible Activities for Preventing Violent Extremism: Implications and Opportunities for the European Union

By Alistair Millar

Report — May 2017

This paper assesses how the revised Official Development Assistance (ODA) guidelines will impact the European Union (EU) and its decisions on financing external support for actions to prevent violent extremism. It examines the situation before and after the revision to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) ODA eligibility rules, and concludes with specific recommendations for the EU to consider, including: devoting more resources to activities aimed at preventing violent extremism (PVE) across a wider array of EU Instruments (geographic and thematic); and urging the EU and its member states to press the OECD to collect, analyze, and disseminate data on how PVE funds are spent when recorded as ODA.

Blue Sky III: Taking UN Counterterrorism Efforts in The Next Decade From Plans to Action

By Alistair Millar and Naureen Chowdhury Fink

Report — September 2016

The Global Center has produced this independent report to take stock of a decade of multilateral activities implementing the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy (Strategy), including past biennial reviews, and develop a set of findings and recommendations to support implementation efforts in the coming decade.