Smart Sanctions: Targeting Economic Statecraft

By David Cortright and George A. Lopez, eds.

Book — 2002

In recent years, international attention has turned toward the use of targeted, “smart” sanctions that minimize unintended humanitarian consequences and focus coercive pressure on responsible decision makers. Some of the world’s leading sanctions experts and practitioners join together in this book to provide the first published account of the emerging theory and practice of smart sanctions. The essays examine recent uses of targeted financial sanctions, travel sanctions, and arms embargoes, and offer recommendations for improving their design and implementation.

In Search of the Fourth Freedom (2d. ed.)

By Howard S. Brembeck

Book — 2000

In Search of the Fourth Freedom offers a timely and provocative prescription for reducing the growing threat posed by nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction. It goes beyond conventional thinking in challenging the world to replace the law of force with the force of law. It proposes a common-sense international security system based on law and enforced by economic power.

The Sanctions Decade: Assessing UN Strategies in the 1990s

By David Cortright and George A. Lopez, with Richard W. Conroy, Jaleh Dashti-Gibson and Julia Wagler

Book — 2000

Since the end of the Cold War, economic sanctions have been a frequent instrument of UN authority, imposed by the Security Council against nearly a dozen targets. Some efforts appear to have been successful, others are more doubtful; all, though, have been controversial. This book is based on more than two hundred interviews with sanctions experts and officials from the UN and many countries. It provides the first comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness of UN sanctions during the 1990s.

Pakistan and the Bomb: Public Opinion and Nuclear Options

By Samina Ahmed and David Cortright, eds.

Book — 1998

Through the lens of a comprehensive survey of Pakistani public attitudes toward nuclear weapons policy, this volume provides an in-depth view of the nuclear choices facing Pakistan. Based on the most thorough survey of Pakistani public opinion on nuclear policy ever conducted, Pakistan and the Bomb examines the factors that brought a de facto nuclear arms competition to South Asia. Pakistan and the Bomb democratizes the debate over nuclear weapons in South Asia by highlighting a new generation of young Pakistani authors.

The Price of Peace: Incentives and International Conflict Prevention

By David Cortright, ed.

Book — 1997

Edited by David Cortright, director of policy studies at Notre Dame’s Kroc Institute, The Price of Peace draws upon leading experts in the fields of nuclear nonproliferation, regional dispute resolution, diplomacy, and international finance to present a systematic analysis of the role of inducements in preventing conflict. The case studies examine the use of incentives in a range of circumstances, and introductory and overview chapters by Cortright provide a unique analysis of the use of incentives in international diplomacy.

Political Gain and Civilian Pain: Humanitarian Impacts of Economic Sanctions

By Thomas G. Weiss, David Cortright, George A. Lopez and Larry Minear, eds.

Book — 1997

The use of sanctions is increasing in the post-cold war world. Along with this increase, the international community must ask itself whether sanctions “work,” in the sense that they incite citizens to change or overthrow an offending government, and whether sanctions are really less damaging than the alternative of war. Here for the first time, sanctions and humanitarian aid experts focus on the humanitarian impacts of UN sanctions.

India and the Bomb: Public Opinion and Nuclear Options

By David Cortright and Amitabh Mattoo, eds.

Book — 1996

In 1994 the Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, in cooperation with the Fourth Freedom Forum, conducted the most comprehensive survey to date of the Indian public’s attitude toward nuclear arms. This book examines the findings of that landmark survey.

Economic Sanctions: Panacea or Peacebuilding in a Post-Cold War World?

By David Cortright and George A. Lopez, eds.

Book — 1995

As the challenge of preventing military conflict has become increasingly complex in the post-cold war era, economic sanctions are being applied with growing frequency. Sanctions are also being used to enforce international law, to deter aggression and terrorism, to defend democracy and human rights, and to prevent nuclear proliferation.