“The states of North Africa have each had to confront their own unique, in some cases defining, struggles against terrorism. Since 2001, however, the threat in the subregion has evolved from a network of nationally based organizations focused on the overthrow of local regimes to an increasingly regionalized and externally oriented network of organizations, connecting local grievances to global procurement, recruiting, and financing networks. Although North African regimes have developed robust counterterrorism capabilities, the cross-border cooperation essential to effectively countering these more recent, transnational threats remains minimal.”