Sanctions, Incentives, and Diplomacy
The use of tools of statecraft to strengthen international norms without resort to war is at the heart of the Forum’s mission. Our research and policy-prescriptive recommendations have yielded groundbreaking results. We have developed a set of criteria for assessing the full economic, political, and humanitarian impact of sanctions. Our data and case studies have helped policymakers to take concrete steps to make sanctions smarter by combining them with incentives and diplomacy to encourage and sustain positive outcomes, such as nuclear disarmament and the prevention of terrorism. Working closely with the University of Notre Dame, the Forum has produced dozens of books, articles, and policy reports.
The Forum’s sanctions work has also provided significant opportunities to lend our expertise on nuclear dangers as the U.S. and Russian nuclear arsenals were reaching their peak in the early 1990s. Over the course of two decades, the Forum conducted extensive research on pragmatic ways to reduce the threat of nuclear weapons and produced dozens of reports used by the U.S. and foreign government officials, the United Nations, and other organizations to advance the policies to reduce that threat.
In 1992 the Forum established a partnership with the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame, to create the Sanctions and Security Research Program. The Sanctions and Security Research Program produced innovative research and policy recommendations on sanctions and security issues that help international policymakers use sanctions more effectively to halt the spread of nuclear weapons and prevent armed conflict and terrorism.